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Mike Rutherford

 B i o g r a p h y

Michael John Cleote Crawford "Mike" Rutherford (born 2 October 1950) is an English musician. He is a founding member of Genesis and one of the band's only two constant members (the other is keyboardist Tony Banks). He used his full name Michael Rutherford in credits on all the group's albums with Peter Gabriel. Initially serving as Genesis' bass guitarist and backing vocalist, Rutherford also performed most of the band's rhythm guitar parts - frequently on twelve-string guitar - in collaboration with successive Genesis lead guitarists Anthony Phillips and Steve Hackett. Following Hackett's departure from Genesis in 1977, Rutherford assumed the additional role of lead guitarist on the band's studio albums (beginning with ...And Then There Were Three... in 1978). Rutherford was one of the main Genesis songwriters throughout their career and wrote the lyrics for some of the band's biggest international hits, such as "Follow You Follow Me", "Turn It On Again", "Land of Confusion" and "Throwing It All Away". He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Genesis in 2010. In addition to his work with Genesis, Rutherford released two solo albums in the early 1980s. In 1985, he formed the highly-successful spin-off band Mike + The Mechanics, which became a chart-topping act and significant live draw in its own right, as well as earning Rutherford an Ivor Novello Award for their 1988 single "The Living Years".

Rutherford received his first guitar at the age of eight, and played in his first band, the Chesters (so named because they lived near Chester) at the age of nine. His father, Crawford Rutherford, was a Royal Navy Captain who became a manager in industry upon his retirement from the service. Mike boarded at the Leas Preparatory School in Hoylake and moved at the age of 13 to Charterhouse School, where he joined the Anon and formed a songwriting partnership with fellow guitarist Anthony Phillips. At age 15, the two of them founded Genesis with Tony Banks and Peter Gabriel. Rutherford hated his time in public school however, and was later expelled from Charterhouse for what he describes as a number of instances of minor misconduct. Rutherford's playing style has been shaped by his unorthodox performance requirements within Genesis, which from a fairly early date required frequent shifts between instrument (or shifts of role between instrument). Though his work with bass and guitar has been praised by some critics, he has described his playing as average and said that he considers himself a songwriter first and foremost. Rutherford's bass guitar playing initially involved the use of a pick and a high-treble setting. He would also sometimes employ a relatively harsh, horn-like distortion setting to differentiate the instrument's tone from the rest of the ensemble. In the mid-1970s he would begin to play fretless bass guitar on Genesis songs (in particular on ballads) and would experiment with 8-string bass guitar.

Rutherford's rhythm guitar playing was initially characterised by his use of electric and acoustic 12-string guitars. A distinctive sound of early Genesis recordings was Rutherford's double acoustic 12-string playing intertwined with that of Anthony Phillips or, later, Steve Hackett (keyboard player Tony Banks would occasionally also play 12-string guitar parts to make up a duo or trio). As a rhythm guitar player and writer, Rutherford has favoured melodic, minimalist chords or progressions of single notes, as in Genesis songs "Follow You Follow Me", "Turn It On Again", and "Invisible Touch", or the Mike + the Mechanics song "The Living Years". Rutherford assumed lead guitar duties for Genesis in 1977. Previously he had made occasional lead guitar contributions to Genesis music if they were best played by him (such as the electric sitar parts on Selling England by the Pound), but following the departure of guitarist Steve Hackett and the band's decision not to replace him with a new member, Rutherford took over all guitarist roles for the band in the recording studio. As a lead player he has favoured long, melodic tones, bending the notes into plaintive, almost vocal lines. This results in "singable" solos or the creation of sonic atmospheres rather than showy displays of technical prowess. Post-Hackett, he has also diversified his rhythm guitar approach beyond his initial twelve-string-based approach.

From an early date, Rutherford also played bass pedals both live and in the studio, often playing simultaneous twelve-string guitar and bass pedal parts in order to cover rhythm and bass parts at the same time. Initially using a Dewtron "Mister Bassman" bass pedal synthesiser, he had moved onto Moog Taurus bass pedals by the 1976 Trick of the Tail Tour. Frequently Rutherford's bass guitar, 12-string guitar, and bass pedal playing have featured in different sections of a single Genesis song, "Supper's Ready", "Firth of Fifth", and "The Cinema Show" being good examples of this. Sometimes Rutherford's bass pedals are used to set up a steady drone as the basis for an individual song (such as "Afterglow").

In concerts during the first half of the 1970s, Rutherford often played a double-necked instrument, custom built from a separate Rickenbacker hollowbody 12-string and 4001 bass. Rickenbacker later issued double neck bass/guitar combinations with 4080/6 and 4080/12 models. However, Rutherford assigned the guitar neck to the top position rather than the 4080's stock guitar on bottom. He later had a custom Shergold double-neck made, with the body modified so that each neck could be detached and played as a standard single-neck instrument, or swapped out in favour of alternate halves (allowing the 12 string half to be switched to a 6 string when needed). On post-1977 Genesis live shows, Rutherford would alternate parts with touring band member Daryl Stuermer. Stuermer would typically play all of Hackett's original guitar parts (while Rutherford concentrated on bass and pedals), but play bass guitar on most songs from the post-Hackett era (for which Rutherford would move to guitar). Rutherford has also contributed other instrumental work to Genesis, performing occasional cello parts on their early 1970s records and playing the drumkit on live performances of the song "Who Dunnit?" in 1981.

During breaks in Genesis, Rutherford recorded two solo albums, Smallcreep's Day and Acting Very Strange. However, he was dissatisfied with his solo work and in 1984 he resolved to never record a solo album again, since he felt his creativity was at its peak when working in collaboration. Because of this, he formed the band Mike + The Mechanics during a break from Genesis in 1985. Mike + The Mechanics' biggest hits are "All I Need Is a Miracle", "Word of Mouth", "The Living Years", "Silent Running" and "Over My Shoulder". To help promote the song, Rutherford and the record label perpetuated the impression that "The Living Years" was inspired by Rutherford's relationship with his father, who died during Genesis's Invisible Touch Tour. In a 2004 interview, Rutherford confessed that the lyrics were in fact written by B. A. Robertson, and based entirely on Robertson's relationship with his father. Rutherford also collaborated with other artists, including associates Peter Gabriel and Phil Collins, on the Against All Odds soundtrack, offering the song "Making A Big Mistake".

Rutherford played at the Strat Pack Concert in 2004 along with Brian May, David Gilmour and Joe Walsh. Rutherford performed in the closing ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics on 12 August 2012 as a guest member of Ed Sheeran's band along with Pink Floyd drummer Nick Mason, playing the Pink Floyd song "Wish You Were Here". Rutherford currently lives in Surrey, England, with wife Angie. The couple were married on 13 November 1976 and have three children: Kate (b. 1977), Tom (b. 1980), and Harry (b. 1986). The family enjoys equestrian sport such as polo and dressage, in addition to raising horses. In 2009, Philip Beresford, compiler of the Sunday Times Rich List, estimated Rutherford's fortune at £30 million from past touring activity, future touring income and the Genesis back catalogue, plus other smaller company assets and accumulated earnings, making him one of the 50 wealthiest residents of Surrey.

In 2015, Rutherford will publish The Living Years: The First Genesis Memoir with Thomas Dunne Books.

Official site: www.mikeandthemechanics.com

 A l b u m s

Smallcreep's Day (Charisma Records, 1980)
Acting Very Strange (WEA Records, 1982)

with Genesis:

... and the word was ... (Decca Records, 1968)
Trespass (Virgin Records, 1970)
Nursery Cryme (Virgin Records, 1971)
Foxtrot (Virgin Records, 1972)
Live (Virgin Records, 1973)
Selling England by the Pound (Virgin Records, 1973)
Rock Theatre (Virgin Records, 1973)
The Lamb lies down on Broadway (Virgin Records, 1974)
Wind & Wuthering (Virgin Records, 1976)
A Trick of the Tail (Virgin Records, 1976)
Seconds Out (Virgin Records, 1977)
...and they were three... (Virgin Records, 1978)
Duke (Virgin Records, 1980)
ABACAB (Vertigo, 1981)
Three Sides Live (Vertigo Records, 1982)
Mama (Virgin Records, 1983)
Genesis (Virgin Records, 1983)
Invisible Touch (Virgin Records, 1986)
We can't dance (Virgin Records, 1991)
Genesis Live: The Way We Walk, Vol. 1 (The Shorts) (Virgin Records, 1992)
Genesis Live: The Way We Walk, Vol. 2 (The Longs) (Virgin Records, 1992)
Congo (Virgin Records, 1997)
Calling all stations (Virgin Records, 1997)
Turn it on again - The Hits (Virgin Records, 1999)
Live Over Europe 2007 (Virigin Records, 2007)
R-Kive (Virigin EMI Records, 2014)

with Mike + The Mechanics:

Mike & The Mechanics (WEA Records, 1987)
Living Years (WEA Records, 1988)
Word of Mouth (WEA Records, 1991)
Beggar on the Beach of Gold (WEA Records, 1995)
Greatest Hits (Virgin Records, 1996)
M6 (Virgin Records, 1999)
Rewired (Virgin Records, 2004)
The Road (Sony Music, 2011)
The Singles 1985-2014 + Rarities (Universal Music Catalogue, 2014)